Untitled Historical Overview : Untitled [1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 ] :

4. Untitled AIDS and minority groups in the US . Untitled AIDS disproportionately affected " Untitled men who have sex with men (MSM) ". However, since the epidemic begun in the Untitled United States , careful analysis of the early reported cases of AIDS would reveal that Untitled AIDS has always disproportionately affected Untitled African-Americans and Untitled Hispanics (see table below).

Table. Reported Cases of AIDS in the US, 1982-1985 (CDC)
Year   US (Total)     "Whites"  
  Cases %   Cases % Ratio*
1985 15719 0.007%   9460 0.005% 0.77
1984 7699 0.003%   4466 0.002% 0.74
1983 3064 0.001%   1776 0.001% 0.74
1982 452 0.000%   278 0.000% 0.78
             
    Afr-Amer     Untitled Hispanics  
  Cases % Ratio** Cases % Ratio**
1985 3,868 0.014% 2.65 2225 0.013% 2.65
1984 1,898 0.007% 2.76 1111 0.007% 2.89
1983 787 0.003% 2.89 435 0.003% 2.94
1982 86 0.000% 2.02 54 0.000% 2.42

[Read footnotes below for additional explanations.]


Since the Untitled AIDS epidemic begun in the Untitled United States , both Untitled African-Americans and Untitled Hispanics were 2-3 times more likely than Untitled Caucasian "White" Americans to get AIDS, if the number of reported Untitled AIDS cases was normalized with respect to their respective "ethnic populations" (see "Ratios" in the table above). In contrast, the ratio for Untitled Caucasian "White" Americans is less than "1.0" ( i.e., about 0.74-0.78, when the % AIDS cases among Untitled Caucasian "White" Americans are normalized to the % AIDS cases of the total US population). The latter suggests a lower prevalence of AIDS among Untitled Caucasian "White" Americans compared with the total US population. The ratio is even lower among Untitled Asian & Pacific Islanders and Untitled American Indians & Alaskan Natives (see Figures below).

During the early stage of the epidemic and the socio-political climate in the 1980's, it would have been political suicide to emphasize the "ethnic imbalance" in the prevalence of AIDS. In fact, during the early stages of the epidemic, "Haitians" have been singled out and reported to be disproportionately affected by AIDS. Protest from the latter group soon deemphasized such reporting to the public.

In retrospect, the fear of being stigmatized, or perhaps to be associated with "the gay disease" caused leaders of the major ethnic groups to ignore, if not bury, the impact of AIDS in their communities. Thus, while the political leaders of the major ethnic groups in the US have declared much publicized "wars" against guns and violence, drugs, poverty, etc., they never "declared war" against Untitled AIDS .

The aftermath of this deliberate neglect has led to current tragic proportions of AIDS cases and deaths from AIDS-related illnesses and other opportunistic infections among Untitled African-Americans and Untitled Hispanics . In fact, after 1995, the Untitled African-Americans have the highest absolute number of reported new AIDS cases each year (see figure below).

Untitled
Untitled Proportion of AIDS Cases, by Race/Ethnicity and Year of Report, 1985-2000 (US)36


When the raw numbers (indicated in the above figures) are normalized with respect to "ethnic populations", the disproportionate impact of AIDS among ethnic minorities in the Untitled United States , especially Untitled African-Americans and Untitled Hispanics , is even more staggering (see figure below). The trends observed from 1990-2000 (see figure below) continue the trend observed during the early stage of the epidemic (see table above).

Untitled
Untitled Annual reported AIDS cases (1990-2000) of the major ethnic groups in the United States (US), expressed as percent (%) AIDS cases relative to the corresponding population of an ethnic group in a given year. The "open square" line graph, represents the percentage (%) of the total US AIDS cases relative to the total US population in a given year.


Visit Untitled Trends and the other links therein, for more "pictographic" presentation of the changing demographics of AIDS in the Untitled United States .