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Untitled AIDS among Adolescents (US). While the rate of HIV infection, new cases of AIDS and AIDs deaths have decreased dramatically since 1993 and 1995 , respectively, the rate of decrease have levelled off since 1998. [Visit AIDS trends in the US.] More alarming is the resurgence of HIV infection among younger people increasing the possibility of a "second wave" of an AIDS epidemic in the United States. A similar trend in AIDS resurgence among younger people has been observed in other Western countries, including Canada and the United Kingdom.

In 2000, confidential studies conducted by 32 states, Guam and the Virgin Islands provide a more recent perspective of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the United States among young adults and adolescents. Figures 1 and 2 (below) reveal a similar pattern of HIV infection and AIDS among males and females. The ratio of HIV infection and AIDS cases is higher among adolescent (13-19 yo) females than males. The proportion increase among males (relative to females) at the older age range.

Figure 3 reflects a general trend in the AIDS epidemic in the United States, disproportionately affecting ethnic minorities, especially African-Americans and Hispanics. Visit the special section on HIV/AIDS Surveillance in Adolescents for more comparative pictographic presentations of HIV infection and AIDS among adolescents and other age groups, gender and ethnic groups.

Figure 1
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Untitled Reported HIV in Adolescents and Adults, by Sex and Age at Diagnosis, Reported in 2000 (US)36

Figure 2
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Untitled Reported HIV in Adolescents and Adults, by Sex and Age at Diagnosis, Reported in 1999 (US)36

Figure 3
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Untitled AIDS Cases in 13- to 19-Year-Olds, by Race/Ethnicity (US)36

Untitled Visit CDC Slide Sets for the latest, as well as the slides links and other links included below for more detailed graphical and descriptive analysis of AIDS in the United States. Visit the special section on HIV/AIDS Surveillance in Adolescents (outlined below).

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    Notes and Footnotes:
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    • Untitled Use the icons (e.g., "AIDS Primer", "AIDS in America", etc.) as well as the underlined items to jump from one section to another. Also, most of the figures and illustrations shown here are linked to their original sources.
    • Untitled Unless otherwise specified, all the statistical AIDS data and resulting figures presented for the United States were from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC is the major US federal agency responsible for the surveillance and dissemination of information on HIV and AIDS in the United States. The various information databases created by CDC are integrated, along with other AIDS databases from other sources, in the A-Z navigation index of AIDS Primer.
    • Untitled Click on Literature Sources to access the source of the information database, specified as superscript after each topic link.