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Untitled Trends Untitled Race Untitled Blacks Untitled Asian-Pac Is Untitled Hispanics Untitled Nat Amer Untitled White Untitled Gender Untitled Men Untitled Women
Untitled Age Untitled Children Untitled Teens Untitled (25-44yo) Untitled Transmission: Untitled MSM Untitled IDU Untitled Hetero Untitled Geography


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Untitled AIDS among the 25-44 yo age group. Overall, deaths due to AIDS-related illnesses and other opportunistic infections pale in comparison with the other leading causes of deaths in the United States. [View Top nine leading causes of deaths in the US (1982-1998).]

During the period 1982-1998, the rate of death due to AIDS-related illnesses increased until it became the eighth (8th) leading cause of death overall in 1992-1995. In 1995, when the AIDS epidemic was at its peak, AIDS-related illnesses was reported to be the underlying cause of more than 42,500 deaths. The rate fell thereafter until AIDS-related illnesses was the 17th leading cause of death in 1998, when it caused about 13,000 deaths. AIDS-related illnesses caused 2% of all deaths in 1995, and about 0.6% in 1998.

However, most of the leading causes of deaths in the US -- heart disease, cancer, stroke, chronic lung diseases, pneumonia -- afflict mostly the elderly; but less so among those in the 25-44yo age group. In the latter group, unintentional injury (car accidents, gun shots, etc.) is the to leading cause of death, followed by cancer, heart diseases, suicides and homicides (see Figure 1).

If the focus is made among those in the 25-44 yo age group, the rate of death due to AIDS-related illnesses increased until it became the top leading cause of death in 1994-1995 (see Figure 1). In 1995, AIDS-related illnesses caused almost 31,000 deaths (19% of the total deaths) in the 25-44 yo age group. Deaths due to AIDS-related illnesses among the 25-44 yo age group fell to fifth (5th) place in 1997 and 1998; about 8,500 deaths (7% of the total) in this age group in 1998.

About 70% of all deaths from AIDS-related illnesses have occurred among the 25-44 yo age group.

Figure 1
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Untitled Trends in Annual Rates of Death from Leading Causes of Death Among Persons 25-44 Years Old, USA, 1982-199836

Untitled The situation is even more dire among African-Americans in the 25-44 yo age group. Since 1991, AIDS-related illnesses has been the leading cause of death among African-American men in the 25-44 yo age group (see Figure 2). It surpassed homicide as the top cause of death and remained so even in 1998. During the peak of the epidemic in 1995, AIDS-related illnesses caused almost 9,000 deaths (32% of all deaths in this group) and about 3,000 deaths (16% of the total) in 1998.
Figure 2
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Untitled Trends in Annual Rates of Death from Leading Causes of Death Among Black Men 25-44 Years Old, USA, 1982-199836

Untitled Visit CDC Slide Sets for the latest, as well as the slides links and other links included below for more detailed graphical and descriptive analysis of AIDS in the United States.

  • Untitled Slides

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    Notes and Footnotes:
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    • Untitled Use the icons (e.g., "AIDS Primer", "AIDS in America", etc.) as well as the underlined items to jump from one section to another. Also, most of the figures and illustrations shown here are linked to their original sources.
    • Untitled Unless otherwise specified, all the statistical AIDS data and resulting figures presented for the United States were from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC is the major US federal agency responsible for the surveillance and dissemination of information on HIV and AIDS in the United States. The various information databases created by CDC are integrated, along with other AIDS databases from other sources, in the A-Z navigation index of AIDS Primer.
    • Untitled Click on Literature Sources to access the source of the information database, specified as superscript after each topic link.