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Untitled Trends Untitled Race Untitled Blacks Untitled Asian-Pac Is Untitled Hispanics Untitled Nat Amer Untitled White Untitled Gender Untitled Men Untitled Women
Untitled Age Untitled Children Untitled Teens Untitled (25-44yo) Untitled Transmission: Untitled MSM Untitled IDU Untitled Hetero Untitled Geography


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Untitled AIDS among Hispanics. Hispanics, a very diverse group of Mexicans, Cubans, Central and South Americans and Caribbeans, is the fastest growing ethnic group and has just surpassed African-Americans as the largest "non-White" ethnic group in the United States (visit Untitled US Bureau of Census for more details).

Hispanics have the third highest number of AIDS cases and deaths, after Whites and African-Americans (see Figures 1 & 2 below and the figure in Untitled Race ). HIV infection through injection drug use (IDU), followed closely by men who have sex with men (MSM), and a combination of the two (MSM-IDU) account for almost 80% of the AIDS cases among Hispanics. View AIDS Cases in Adults and Adolescents by Exposure Category and Race/Ethnicity, Reported through 1999 (US)36 for a tabulated summary of the major modes of HIV infection among Hispanics, African-Americans and Whites.

Figure 1.
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Untitled AIDS Cases Reported in 2000 and Estimated 2000 Population, by Race/Ethnicity, (US)36

Figure 2.
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Untitled Annual reported AIDS cases (1990-2000) of the major ethnic groups in the United States (US).

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While Hispanics rank third in terms of the actual number of AIDS cases and deaths (see Figures 1 & 2 above), the ranking changes significantly when the values are normalized relative to the population of the major ethnic groups in the US, using population data from the Untitled US Bureau of Census .

Upon normalization with respect to their ethnic populations, the % AIDS cases among "Hispanics" were higher, on a year-to-year basis, than those observed among "Asian-Americans & Pacific Islanders", Native Americans and Whites; surpassed only by African-Americans (see Figure 3 below).

Figure 3.
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Untitled Annual reported AIDS cases (1990-2000) of the major ethnic groups in the United States (US), expressed as percent (%) AIDS cases relative to the corresponding population of an ethnic group in a given year. The "open square" line graph, represents the percentage (%) of the total US AIDS cases relative to the total US population in a given year.

Untitled The percent (%) annual AIDS cases relative to the population of Hispanics in the United States was about 0.075% at its peak in 1993 and about 0.025% in 2000). These values are very much higher compared with those observed among Asian-Americans & Pacific Islanders (< 0.009% at its peak in 1993 and < 0.004% in 2000), American-Indians and Native Alaskans (about 0.012% at its peak in 1995 and about 0.010% in 2000), Whites (about 0.025% at its peak in 1993 and about 0.007% in 2000), and slightly higher compared with the % AIDS cases for the entire US population (about 0.042% at its peak in 1993 and about 0.015% in 2000).

The % AIDS cases among Hispanics were lower only when compared with those observed among African-Americans (about 0.125% at its peak in 1993 and about 0.06% in 2000). Read also the general discussion and view figure(s) in the introduction section, Untitled Race . .

  • Untitled Slides Untitled
    Untitled Trends Untitled Race Untitled Blacks Untitled Asian-Pac Is Untitled Hispanics Untitled Nat Amer Untitled White Untitled Gender Untitled Men Untitled Women
    Untitled Age Untitled Children Untitled Teens Untitled (25-44yo) Untitled Transmission: Untitled MSM Untitled IDU Untitled Hetero Untitled Geography


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    Notes and Footnotes:
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    • Untitled Use the icons (e.g., "AIDS Primer", "AIDS in America", etc.) as well as the underlined items to jump from one section to another. Also, most of the figures and illustrations shown here are linked to their original sources.
    • Untitled Unless otherwise specified, all the statistical AIDS data and resulting figures presented for the United States were from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC is the major US federal agency responsible for the surveillance and dissemination of information on HIV and AIDS in the United States. The various information databases created by CDC are integrated, along with other AIDS databases from other sources, in the A-Z navigation index of AIDS Primer.
    • Untitled Click on Literature Sources to access the source of the information database, specified as superscript after each topic link.
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    Untitled       First Written: 19990118       Latest Update: 20060328 Untitled
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