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Sponsored by:
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Innovative BiomedicaLAB
Innovative BiomedicaLAB

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  • Untitled Global overview
  • Untitled Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Untitled Middle East and North Africa
  • Untitled Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia
  • Untitled Asia and the Pacific
  • Untitled Latin America and the Caribbean
  • Untitled More Developed Countries (MDCs)

    Untitled More Developed Countries (MDCs)
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    An estimated 1.6 million people (range: 1.1–2.2 million) are living with Untitled HIV in the United States, Canada, Western Europe, and other technologically-advanced countries in the world. Around 64 000 (range: 34 000–140 000) became newly infected in 2003, and 22 000 (range: 15 000–31 000) died of Untitled AIDS . Among young people 15–24 years of age, 0.1% of women (range: 0.1–0.2%) and 0.2% of men (range: 0.2–0.3%) were living with Untitled HIV by the end of 2003.

    Cumulative AIDS cases in the United States: 1983-1997


    In high-income countries, unlike elsewhere, the great majority of people who need antiretroviral treatment do have access to it. This means that they are staying healthy and surviving longer than infected people elsewhere. In the United States, deaths due to Untitled AIDS have continued to decline because people have broad access to antiretroviral therapy. There were 16 371 reported deaths in 2002, down from 19 005 in 1998. In Western Europe, the number of reported deaths among Untitled AIDS patients also continued to decline—from 3373 in 2001 to 3101 in 2002.

    Incidence, prevalence and deaths among persons with AIDS in the United States


    In the United States, about half of newly reported infections in recent years have been among African Americans. They represent 12% of the population, but their Untitled HIV prevalence is 11 times higher than among whites.

    AIDS cases by race/ethnicity in the United States


    In New York City, a new system for tracking the epidemic began in June 2000. It added Untitled HIV infection reporting to the previously existing system of Untitled AIDS case reporting. A recently published analysis of the first full year of data from 2001 has revealed that over 1% of the city’s adult population, and almost 2% of Manhattan’s, are Untitled HIV -positive.

    In many high-income countries, sex between men (MSM) plays an important role in the epidemic. For example, it is the most common route of infection in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Greece, New Zealand and the United States.

    In recent years, heterosexual transmission in the industrialized world has sharply increased. In several western European countries, including Belgium, Norway and the United Kingdom, the increase in heterosexually transmitted infections is dominated by people from countries with generalized epidemics, predominantly sub-Saharan Africa. Because the countries with the largest epidemics in Western Europe (Italy and Spain) do not yet have national Untitled HIV -reporting systems, it is unclear whether this trend is occurring in other regions of Western Europe.

    AIDS prevalence among adults and adolescents by exposure category, in the United States


    Injecting drug use (IDU) plays a varying role in spreading Untitled HIV in high-income countries. In 2002, it accounted for more than 10% of all reported Untitled HIV infections in Western Europe (in Portugal it was responsible for over 50% of cases). In Canada and the United States, about 25% of Untitled HIV infections are attributed to drug injecting. Infections transmitted through contaminated injecting equipment are particularly frequent among indigenous people, who are often among the poorest and most marginalized inhabitants of the industrialized world.
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    The excerpted text and figures integrated herein were mainly from the: unless indicated, otherwise.
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    Untitled       First Written: 19990118       Latest Update: 20060328 Untitled
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