Middle East & North Africa43
AIDS Map of Northern Africa
Jerusalem AIDS Project
Provides training and education in AIDS awareness, includes conference information.
AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa. Except for the UNAIDS "factsheets" included below, there is a dearth of information about HIV infection and AIDS coming from the Middle East and North African countries. By the end of 1999, an estimated 220,000 (0.13%) adults and children were living with HIV/AIDS in the region; rather a low prevalence compared to the neighboring countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, or even some countries of the neighboring countries in Asia and Europ.
Recent evidence indicates increase incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV/AIDS in the region. Studies in southern Algeria revealed about 1% of HIV infection among pregnant women, attending antenatal clinics; this suggests an increasing spread among the general population. Based on such studies, about 80,000 new HIV infections is estimated per year, increasing the estimate of people living with HIV/AIDS to about 400,000 by the end of year 2000. This almost doubled the rate (0.2%), about 40% of whom are women. In Djibouti, about 12% of the adult population are living with HIV/AIDS, the highest in the region.
Deaths due to AIDS-related illnesses was estimated to have increased from 13,000 in 1999 to 24,000 by the end of 2000. In 1998, deaths due to AIDS-related illnesses was the third leading cause of morbidity among 14 to 44 year olds in the low and middle-income countries of the region.