Table: Countries worldwide worst affected by HIV/AIDS (with prevalence >4% of adult population, end 1999) 41

Country RRank+ Adult Rate
(%)
Adults
& Children
Adults
(15-49)
Orphans
Untitled Botswana 1 3 5 . 8 0 290,000 28,000 66,000
Untitled Swaziland 2 2 5 . 2 5 130,000 120,000 12,000
Untitled Zimbabwe 3 2 5 . 0 6 1,500,000 1,400,000 900,000
Untitled Lesotho 4 2 3 . 5 7 240,000 240,000 35,000
Untitled Zambia 5 1 9 . 9 5 870,000 830,000 650,000
Untitled South Africa 6 1 9 . 9 4 4,200,000 4,100,000 420,000
Untitled Namibia 7 1 9 . 5 4 160,000 150,000 67,000
Untitled Malawi 8 1 5 . 9 6 800,000 760,000 390,000
Untitled Kenya 9 1 3 . 9 5 2,100,000 2,000,000 730,000
Untitled CAR 10 1 3 . 8 4 240,000 230,000 99,000
Untitled Mozambique 11 1 3 . 2 2 1,200,000 1,100,000 310,000
Djibouti 12 1 1 . 7 5 37,000 35,000 7,200
Untitled Burundi 13 1 1 . 3 2 360,000 340,000 230,000
Untitled Rwanda 14 1 1 . 2 1 400,000 370,000 270,000
Untitled Cote d'Ivoire 15 1 0 . 7 6 760,000 730,000 420,000
Untitled Ethiopia 16 1 0 . 6 3 3,000,000 2,900,000 1,200,000
Untitled Uganda 17 8 . 3 0 820,000 770,000 1,700,000
Untitled Tanzania 18 8 . 0 9 1,300,000 1,200,000 1,100,000
Untitled Cameroon 19 7 . 7 3 540,000 520,000 270,000
Untitled Burkina-Faso 20 6 . 4 4 350,000 330,000 320,000
Untitled R Congo 21 6 . 4 3 86,000 82,000 53,000
Untitled Togo 22 5 . 9 8 130,000 120,000 95,000
Haiti 23 5 . 1 7 210,000 200,000 74,000
Untitled DR Congo 24 5 . 0 7 1,100,000 1,100,000 680,000
Untitled Nigeria 25 5 . 0 6 2,700,000 2,600,000 1,400,000
Gabon 26 4 . 1 6 23,000 22,000 8,600
Bahamas 27 4 . 1 3 6,900 6,800 970
Cambodia 28 4 . 0 4 220,000 210,000 13,000


+RRank -- refers to the relative rank of the country in terms of the prevalence of AIDS with respect to the adult population.

Except for a few other countries in the Horn of Africa ( Untitled Ethiopia , Djibouti), Asia (Cambodia), Caribbean (Haiti), and the Bahamas; all the other countries most affected by HIV/AIDS are in Sub-Saharan Africa. [Click on the underlined country links on the table for AIDS databases in the specific countries.]

Other large countries have high absolute numbers of people living with HIV/ AIDS (PLWHA) but are not included in the table because as a relative % of population, the prevalence is still "relatively low" in these countries. India, for exampple, has almost 3.7 million PLWHA but this is less than 0.7% of a population greater than 1 billion. Similar situations exist in Thailand (755,000; 2.15%), Brazil (540,000; 0.57%), Myanmar (530,000; 2%); China (500,000; <0.07%), United States.