Untitled AIDS spreads around the world : Untitled
  1. Untitled World Overview
  2. Untitled World Dichotomy
  3. Untitled "Root Causes" of the World AIDS Epidemic

1: Untitled World Overview . Unlike other previous epidemics recorded in history, like the bubonic plague, the Untitled AIDS epidemic came at a time during the beginnings of accelerated pace of globalization. International trade and world tourism, in conjunction with technological advances in telecommunications and transportation, were the engines that accelerated globalization.

At the same time, airline deregulation in the United States during the late 1970's launched the "cheap fare competitions" among the domestic airline companies. Soon, national carriers of other countries joined the "air fare price war competition". The "jumbo jet" was born, allowing even more tourists to travel faster and farther.

The above factors, coupled with the booming worldwide economy in the 1980's, made international travel affordable to many people. European cities became popular destinations for Americans and other foreign nationals; in turn New York and San Francisco were favorite destinations in the United States. Other exotic destinations, like Asia, the Caribbean, South America have become more affordable and thus accessible also to many more travelers.

World tourism has become the lifeblood of many nations, especially the developing countries. Even many Western countries but especially the less developed countries became dependent on the foreign currencies that the tourists spent. National governments, of even the poorest countries, encouraged developments of "tourist destinations" and spent scarce resources to provide international standard hotels and entertainment facilities for the increasingly discriminating and demanding tourists.

Then came Untitled AIDS . [Visit Untitled AIDS ravages the United States & the West for a brief overview of of the AIDS epidemic following the first report of Untitled AIDS in the Untitled United States .]

Initial world reaction to AIDS. Peoples in other parts of the world -- who suffered much and continue to bear the legacies of Western colonialism -- considered Untitled AIDS initially as that "Western disease" or "White Men's disease". Many countries, especially the less developed countries, were fearful of contracting the "White Men's disease". Some countries, in fact, instituted measures to "screen" and ban the entry of known gay people, as one of the earlier attempts to avoid entry of the "White Men's disease" into their country. Ironically, many Western countries, including the United States where HIV infection and AIDS were rampant, were among those who mulled imposing such entry restrictions.

There were initial proposals to institute HIV screening of entering foreigners. But, with a deluge of travelers, it became apparent that routine universal HIV screening was not a feasible option. Even if there was any resolve to do so, there was no reliable, fast and cheap HIV screening test available during the early 1980's. More important, most countries have become so dependent on the foreign currencies spent by tourists. The poor countries especially could not jeopardize this much needed source of national income by antagonizing tourists with "AIDS screening".

The above conditions were conducive for the worldwide spread of Untitled AIDS .

Untitled Geographic (worldwide) incidence of HIV and AIDS. Darker red (mostly in Sub-Saharan Africa) signifies higher occurence of HIV/AIDS. View color code to estimate % occurence.
Untitled Click on figure for the latest pictographic image of the estimated annual number of new HIV infections worldwide (2003), and by region, 1988 to 2003 (pdf, 2 MB)

By the mid 1980's, early evidence indicated that HIV infection and AIDS had begun to spread in other non-Western countries. HIV infection begun early in the early 1980's in Latin America, especially in some of the Caribbean countries, like Haiti. In Africa, especially Sub-Saharan Africa, evidence suggested the presence of the disease by the mid 1980's and achieved epidemic proportions by the late 1980's. The AIDS epidemic was more slow to invade Asia and took hold only in the 1990's. The major epidemics occurred first in Thailand and India followed by Vietnam, Myanmar, and Cambodia.

Continue with part 2: Untitled World Dichotomy of Untitled AIDS spreads around the world : Untitled [ 1 - 2 - 3 ]
Or, go to: Untitled Fighting HIV/AIDS in Less Developed Countries