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The topics and resources included in this section are specific for the country or region. Visit the "Major Topics" section, A-Z navigation links above or use the Search link, to find specific topics on HIV/AIDS.

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Spread of HIV in Canada (1981-1999)
Bureau of HIV/AIDS, STD and TB

At a Glance: HIV/AIDS in Canada
  • An estimated 4,190 persons in Canada were newly infected with HIV in 1999.
  • From 1996 to 1999, there was a 30% rise in incident HIV infections among men having sex with men (MSM) and 27% drop among injection drug users (IDU).
  • An estimated 49,800 people in Canada were living with HIV (including AIDS) at the end of 1999.
  • There was a 24% increase in prevalent infections from 1996 to 1999.

The increase incidence of HIV infections among MSM in Canada (from 1996-1999) runs counter to other Western countries like the Untitled United States and Untitled United Kingdom where there were overall decrease in HIV infection among MSM.

The cases of HIV infection among MSM peaked in the mid 1990's, in the Untitled United Kingdom , Untitled United States as well as in many Western countries. This decline demonstrates the effectiveness of the education and prevention grassroots campaigns spearheaded by gay individuals or grassroots organizations. At the same time, advances in antiretroviral and combination drug therapies led to the significant delay in progression from HIV infection to AIDS status or deaths due to AIDS-related illnesses and opportunistic infections. As a result, people living with HIV/AIDS in many Western countries were able to have prolonged and active lives.

The aforementioned welcome developments may have been misconstrued by younger gay men as though HIV infection can be avoided or that AIDS is curable with the available arsenal of antiretroviral and combination drug therapies. [To date there is still no known cure or vaccine against HIV infection.]

Such misperception may account for the recent resurgence in HIV infection (see news section), suggesting a reversion to engaging in unsafe sexual practices, among younger gays in the Untitled United States , Untitled United Kingdom , as well as in some other Western countries.

Canada shows the disturbing steady increase in heterosexual transmission of HIV, also observed in many Western countries. [Heterosexual mode of transmission has always been significant in many of the less developed countries. In fact, in some Sub-Saharan African countries, almost half or more of those living with HIV/AIDS are women.]

Read National HIV Prevalence and Incidence Estimates for 1999: No Evidence of a Decline in Overall Incidence (Bureau of HIV/AIDS, STD and TB) for more in depth analysis.

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  • Bureau of HIV/AIDS, STD and TB Update Series
    The Bureau of HIV/AIDS, STD and TB, Laboratory Centre for Disease Control, Health Protection Branch, has prepared a series of documents: Bureau of HIV/AIDS, STD and TB Update Series. These information sheets cover various aspects of what is currently known about the epidemiology of HIV and AIDS, STD and TB among various populations in Canada.
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  • Canadian HIV/AIDS Clearinghouse
    Established in 1989, the Canadian HIV/AIDS Clearinghouse is the largest information centre on HIV/AIDS in Canada. The Clearinghouse is a program of the Canadian Public Health Association. Provides information on HIV/AIDS prevention, care and support to health care workers, schools, community based organizations, and individuals. Also in French
  • Health Canada: AIDS/HIV Files
    provides national statistics and information to help combat AIDS/HIV. [N.B. Information has not been updated since 1999.] Untitled
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    Notes and Footnotes:
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    Untitled       First Written: 19990118       Latest Update: 20060328 Untitled
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