A life-threatening lung infection that can affect people with
weakened immune systems, such as those infected with HIV. More than three-quarters of all people with
HIV disease will develop PCP if they do not receive treatment to prevent it. The standard treatment for
people with PCP is either a combination of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX, also called
Bactrim or Septra) or pentamidine. See also Pentamidine; Protozoa.
Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia (PCP):SFAF
a life-threatening type
of pneumonia believed to be caused by a protozoan. PCP is a common infection
that can cause severe illness in immunocompromised people (especially
those with CD4 counts less than 200 cells/mm3); it remains a leading cause
of death in people with AIDS. Symptoms include dry cough, fever, chest
tightness and shortness of breath. Pneumocystis carinii can also infect
other parts of the body. First-line treatment and primary prophylaxis
is TMP-SMX (Bactrim, Septra); other treatments and prophylaxes include
dapsone, pentamidine and atovaquone.
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