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  Index:   Untitled P# - PD     Untitled PE - PH     Untitled PI - PO     Untitled PP - PR     Untitled PS - PZ
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  • Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia (PCP) JAMA
    1. A protozoal infection of the lungs.
    2. A life-threatening lung infection that can affect people with weakened immune systems, such as those infected with HIV. More than three-quarters of all people with HIV disease will develop PCP if they do not receive treatment to prevent it. The standard treatment for people with PCP is either a combination of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX, also called Bactrim or Septra) or pentamidine. See also Pentamidine; Protozoa.
  • Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia (PCP): SFAF
    a life-threatening type of pneumonia believed to be caused by a protozoan. PCP is a common infection that can cause severe illness in immunocompromised people (especially those with CD4 counts less than 200 cells/mm3); it remains a leading cause of death in people with AIDS. Symptoms include dry cough, fever, chest tightness and shortness of breath. Pneumocystis carinii can also infect other parts of the body. First-line treatment and primary prophylaxis is TMP-SMX (Bactrim, Septra); other treatments and prophylaxes include dapsone, pentamidine and atovaquone.
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