A common opportunistic infection caused by two very similar mycobacterial organisms, Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare.
A bacterial infection that can be either localized (limited to a specific organ or area of the body) or disseminated throughout the body. It is a life-threatening disease, although new therapies offer promise for both prevention and treatment. MAC disease is extremely rare in people who are not infected with HIV. See also Opportunistic Infection.
Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC):SFAF
a disease caused by Mycobacterium
avium or Mycobacterium intracellulare (sometimes referred to as Mycobacterium
avium-intracellulare or MAI), bacteria found in soil and water. In immunosuppressed
persons, the bacteria can infect the lymph nodes, intestines, bone marrow,
liver, spleen, spinal fluid, lungs and the gastrointestinal tract. MAC
is the most common bacterial infection in persons with advanced AIDS (usually
under 50-75 CD4 cells/mm3). Symptoms include diarrhea, wasting, fever,
night sweats, fatigue andspleen enlargement. Clarithromycin is used as
treatment and prophylaxis for MAC.
to find source(s) of the term definition cited above (see superscript).
If the term you are looking for is not included in this glossary/dictionary, search